Theses and dissertations (Master and Doctoral)
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- ItemThe development of Neo-traditional religion: The Baganda experience.(University of Aberdeen, Scotland, 1980) Bukenya, Dunstan K.Kiganda traditional religious experience has no name because the experience is far too pervasive to be narrowed down to a specific system which could be defined separately from the rest of life experiences. In this dissertation the author explores the development of the Baganda neo-traditional religious experience in Central Uganda. The author high lights the on-going historical process of development change and adaptation in Kiganda religion both in its pre-alien religious contact and in its present state. The author affirms that this experience has clearly developed into a newness in the continued Kiganda religious beliefs and practices due to alien contact. The author asserts that the Christian and colonial political revolutions of the 1890s and 1900 respectively left Kiganda religion publicly powerless though of course not dead. The author recommends the traditionalization of Christian symbols, establishment of neo-traditional nationalistic movements and Luganda language movement.
- ItemThe Chemical Composition of Haplochromis spp.(Loughborough University of Technology, 1981) Ssali, William MamiimaThe Haplochromis genus constitutes about 80% by weight of the fish in Lake Victoria yet only small amounts are utilised directly for food. There are over 150 species of Haplochromis, in the lake forming a species flock and any typical catch is made up of a mixture of many species. Morphological resemblance of the species makes identification of individual species very difficult. Little information has been published about the chemical composition of Haplochrornis. The present study provides chemical composition data for lioid. protein and other nutritionally important constituents of Haolochromis as an aid to the processing of the resource and its nutritional evaluation. Four batches of Haplochromis from Lake Victoria were received. The first batch was analysed only for total lipid. Fish from the other three batches, caught over a five month period, were each split into four weight groups. Data were obtained for the weight distribution in the batches, the relationship between weight and length of the fish, weight and maximum depth of the fish and for the proportions of head, gut and headless gutless portions in the different weight groups.
- ItemTowards an indigenous understanding and practice of baptism amongst the Baganda, Uganda.(Uganda Christian University, 1982) Mutebi, Wilson B.The coming of independence and the feeling of nationalism amongst African peoples in the middle of the 20th century also brought the desire for religious independence. The author in this dissertation presents an indigenous understanding and practice of baptism amongst the Baganda of Central Uganda. The author observes that Christianity in Africa is to a large extent wrapped in Western culture. The author asserts that though Christianity in Buganda has taken root, it has not destroyed the indigenous religion and that the indigenous religion continues to have an influence among the Baganda. The author stresses that there is a useful relationship between the Kiganda rites performed in the early period of childhood and baptism. The author high lights the fact that contemporary Baganda Christians have one leg in the Church and the second into the traditional religion. The author recommends the Church leadership in Buganda to employ a positive and understanding approach and study carefully the Kiganda beliefs and practices so as to include the values of Kiganda traditional religion in the life of the Church.
- ItemConditional inference(1984-08) Senyonyi, John M.Conditional inference is a branch of statistical inference in which observed data is reduced using either sufficient or ancillary statistics. This often simplifies inference about the parameters. In comparison to full likelihood methods, conditional inference theory’s performance still needs validating in many areas. Some of these are the concern of this thesis. While the definition of an ancillary statistic in single parameter models is unequivocal, the presence of accessory (or nuisance) parameters in a model presents problems in defining an ancillary statistic. Statistical literature abounds with definitions of ancillarity in this case. Some of the commonest and most useful of these are discussed and shown to be interrelated. This facilitates the choice of the strongest eligible ancillary in a problem, i.e. that which offers the biggest reduction of the sample space. The Pitman-Morgan test for variance ratios in bivariate normal populations with unknown correlation coefficient is shown to be a conditional test. We condition on sufficient statistics for the accessory parameters to eliminate them. The test statistic is then derived as an ancillary statistic for the accessory parameters. When a probability model depends on a number of accessory parameters which increases with the sample size, estimation methods based on the full likelihood will often be inconsistent. Using a partial likelihood instead has been suggested. Local maximum partial likelihood estimators are shown to exist, and to be consistent and asymptotically normal under mild conditions. These results also cover conditional and marginal likelihoods, thus considerably strengthening earlier results in this area. In planning statistical inferences, it is useful to choose a sampling scheme which provides only the essential data to our inferences. Jagers’ lemma proposes very general conditions under which maximum likelihood estimation from a subset of the data is identical with that from the full data. However, the lemma is incorrect as given. We show that an additional sufficiency condition repairs the lemma. It is further shown that this lemma cannot be extended to general exponential families.
- ItemProlegomena to an African theology: An examination of the sources and methodology of Mbiti’s theology.(Uganda Christian University, 1987) Niringiye, David Z.On May 26th 1985, over the Canadian broadcasting corporation, Dr. John Mbiti stated that the Christians in Africa have a faith but not a theology; and that Western missionaries agreed to contextualize Christianity in music and Church decorations but not in theology. Examining the sources and methodology of Mbiti’s theology, in this dissertation the author presents a prolegomena to an African theology. The author assesses Professor John Samuel Mbiti’s theology with particular reference to his doctrine of eschatology developed in his book. New Testament eschatology in an African background. The author high lights the fact that Mbiti’s theology lacks the dialectical tension and balance between creation, sin and salvation; and that Mbiti’s theology tends to emphasize continuity between Christianity and African religion and cultural experience over discontinuity, hence Mbiti’s theology being an inadequate statement of Christian belief that is both Christian and African. The author proposes an alternative methodology based on the Christ-event of incarnation, death and resurrection allowing for a construction of a theology that identifies and maintains the dialectical balance and tension between creation, sin and salvation. The author recommends that the Christ-event should be at the Centre of any theologizing in the African context that bears the name Christian.
- ItemThe symbol of the Eucharist in the African context(Uganda Christian University, 1988) Tovey, PhillipOne of the contemporary problems in the mission Churches in Africa is the indigenization or inculturation of worship and the Eucharist poignantly illustrates this problem. In this dissertation the author treats the problem. The author examines different theological approaches to the Eucharist as a symbol, the anthropology of the symbol, the Eucharist in Ethiopian Orthodox Church the rites of African Independent Church’s and studies the Roman Catholic Church. The author discusses the dialectical relationship between anthropology and theology. He recommends that it is the interrelationship of theology and culture that the existential problem of the African Church would find synthesis.
- ItemThe primacy of “spirit” (pastoral studies) in pastoral care and counseling of Basoga of Uganda(Uganda Christian University, 1992) Magumba, John P.The traditional African therapy system under spirit-based care remained affective throughout the missionary era and it continues to appeal to some Basiga of contemporary era more than Christianity does. In this dissertation the author presents the primacy of “spirit” among the Basoga of Eastern Uganda as regards pastoral care and counseling. The author asserts that among the Basoga the spirits and their agents have power which the Christian careers and counselors do not have. The author affirms that among the Basoga their concepts and values about disease, health, and healing are influenced by beliefs and experiences of spirit power. The author recommends that listening to the Musoga parishioner and client would be necessary in addressing his or her true pastoral needs for therapy.
- ItemThe biblical view of the unborn child Psalm 139: 13-18(Uganda Christian University, 1992) Ebong, Johnson O.Abortion is a new phenomenon among contemporary Africans which has become a common practice among the young and adults alike. In this research work the author examines the biblical view of the unborn child according to Psalm 139:13-18, the author stresses the fact that the systematic and intentional destruction of the unborn child with the aim to relieve its mother from pregnancy, was a rare practice among traditional African societies. The author affirms that the biblical view portrays God as the source of life and that at every stage of human life, God has a purpose hence the need to preserve, protect and defend human life at all stages. The author recommends the Church leadership to help the Christians to read the bible and seek guidance from the word of God on life issues such as abortion, to teach and preach constantly the value of human life, to speak and write strongly about the practice of abortion, to form pro-life associations with the help of doctors who value life, and to help parents to promote the value of life among their children and teach them to respect human life.
- ItemThe death of Jesus Christ as sacrifice in the epistles of Paul and the epistle to the Hebrews: A comparative study(Uganda Christian University, 1997) Muhindo, KalengyoThe concept and practice of sacrifice exist in the Old Testament setting and in some pagan communities of the Graeco-Roman world. In this dissertation, the author presents a comparative study of the death of Jesus Christ as a sacrifice as recorded in the epistles of St. Paul and the epistle of Hebrews. Putting more emphasis on the sacrifices for sin, the author explores the various backgrounds to the thought of sacrifice in Paul and the Hebrews. The author analyses the similarities and differences of the concept of sacrifice in Paul and the writer to the Hebrews. The author observes that both writers using cultic categories have transformed the understanding of atonement from the cultic to the personal level.
- ItemIndigenization of theology worship in the Anglican Church of Congo(Uganda Christian University, 2000) Sabiti, Daniel T.For J.M. Waliggo, inculturation means the honest and serious attempt to make Christ and message of salvation ever more understood by peoples of every culture, locality and time. In this dissertation the author presents indigenization of worship in the Anglican Church of Congo. In order to assess how African traditional music and prayer serve as a means to express the African traditional religious life, the author examines African traditional religious heritage. The author asserts that music and prayer are fundamental elements in divine worship and that they have been used in the biblical era and in the history of the Christian Church. The author recommends that if the Anglican Church of Congo wants to create worship which is relevant, authentic and meaningful to her Christians, she needs to indigenize her liturgy.
- ItemEcclesiology among the Lugbara of Uganda(Uganda Christian University, 2001) Erema, Samuel O. F.Focus: When the Missionaries introduced Christianity among the Lugbara, they introduced western model of ecclesiology which is not appropriate to the Lugabra Christian spirituality. In this dissertation the author high lights ecclesiology among the Lugbara of North-western Uganda. The author decries the fact that African Christians inherited missionary models with the denominational divisions and individualistic way of life which properly belonged to the western Church-and as a result the African communal way of life was devalued and African Christians completely broke from their traditional societies. The author asserts that the missionary model has not fitted the African Christians and has failed to penetrate deeply to the heart of the African. The author recommends that the Church leadership in Africa should establish the African clan model ecclesiology which is most appropriate for the Lugbara Christian and African Christian in general.
- ItemTeaching the bible using Ugandan cultural resources with specific reference to the Old Testament(Uganda Christian University, 2001) Maturu, Milly E.The Uganda cultural resources have not been fully utilized for teaching the bible in Uganda. This statement necessitates the need of studying Ugandan culture, finding relationships between the Ugandan and biblical cultures, probing the weaknesses of historical critical method, and offering a plan for a new approach. The Uganda culture that the missionary forebears thought was pagan, some even satanic and thus had to be abandoned stands closer to the biblical culture than does western culture. In many instances Ugandan culture can bring a fresh understanding of the biblical text. The Lugbara socio-cultural worldview is presented as representative of Uganda worldview. Using this worldview a comparative study of the correspondence between major themes in the biblical and Ugandan worldviews is made. For instance this comparison is characterized by: purification through blood, the power of the word, the house of God, the family circle unbroken, and spirit possession.
- ItemThe Christian influence on the understanding of death among the Acholi(Uganda Christian University, 2001) Ayela, Labeja .O. O.Focus: For the Acholi people of Northern Uganda, traditionally death is a natural phenomenon which is inevitable and unquestionable. In this dissertation, the author assesses the Christian influence on the understanding of death among the Acholi. The author confirms that for the traditional Acholi human beings have no permanent existence in the physical or spiritual world and no future life in terms of resurrection. The author affirms that their traditional understanding of death contributes to fear, beliefs and practices in handling the sick, corpse, burial arrangement, funeral rites and inheritance of widows among the Acholi people. The author asserts that the advent of Christianity in Acholi in 1904 has greatly changed this understanding through the introduction of the concept of resurrection, and as a result superstition on the origin of death, the way of caring for the sick, and the dying, burial system, mourning, funeral rites, the inheritance of widows and life after death have a new meaning for the Acholi of contemporary era. The author recommends that in order to maintain the resurrection influence on the Acholi people, the Church must continue effective evangelization of the non-Christian Acholi and effectively nurture the Christian Acholi converts.
- ItemThe bible, growing landless-ness, and environmental degradation in modern Uganda: An encounter.(Uganda Christian University, 2002) Olwa, AlfredIn modern Uganda two situations, in which a theme from the bible is understood to have immediate practical consequences in the lives of many people, is landlessness and environmental degradation. In this dissertation the author examines the problem of landlessness and environmental degradation in modern Uganda. The author asserts that the problem of growing landlessness and environmental degradation is relevant to the Church in modern Uganda. The author recommends that the Church leadership in Uganda in dealing with the problem should focus on justice and righteousness.
- ItemEffect of crop sanitation on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) populations and associated damage(Wageningen University and Research Centre, the Netherlands, 2003) Masanza, MichaelThe banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a serious pest of bananas. However, its ecology is not well elucidated especially in East Africa where plantations are up to 50 years old and are under various management and cropping systems. No single satisfactory control strategy has been found. Detailed information on C. sordidus biology and ecology is needed to explain the population dynamics of this pest in order to develop a comprehensive package for the small-scale farmer to alleviate the pest problem. Cultural control forms the first line of defence in pest control. For instance, removal of crop residues after harvest by chopping is a widely recommended cultural strategy for C. sordidus control. However, the actual effect of these practices on the insect's population dynamics is not clear. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of crop sanitation on population dynamics of C. sordidus and its associated damage. Laboratory and field studies on the biology and ecology of this pest on crop residues were conducted in Uganda. We found that corms are most attractive to the weevils than any other type of crop residues. Oviposition occurred on residues up to 120 days after harvest, but mainly on freshly harvested residues up to 30 days, implying that residues should be left up to a month before destroying them. In the study on survivorship of C. sordidus in crop residues, our results revealed that the pest successfully completes its life cycle within crop residues and emerging adults from different aged residues are equally fit. As crop residues can be a source of C. sordidus infestation to the standing crop, they need to be destroyed. There is a general belief that covering banana stumps after harvest helps reduce weevils in banana farms. However, there was no data available to prove that this practice is useful. Moreover, the real effect of covering stumps remained unknown. Our studies reveal that covering banana stumps after harvest reduces oviposition on them in the wet season, but encourages oviposition in the dry season. Therefore, farmers may cover the stumps in the wet but not in the dry season. Also, our studies suggest that covering all stumps in the wet season may encourage C. sordidus to oviposit on the crop. Therefore, some residues should be left in the inter-mat alleys to attract weevils away from the crop. The residues can then be destroyed after three to four weeks. Removal and chopping crop residues in farmers' fields helped to keep C. sordidus populations and damage lower than when the residues were left to accumulate. In comparison, removal of all residues in young closed banana plots reduced C. sordidus populations but increased damage on growing plants and reduced the levels of natural enemies. The implications of these results on the role of crop sanitation in the integrated management of C. sordidus are discussed.
- ItemReligious Pluralism and Conflict as Issues in Religious Education in Uganda(School of Theology and Religious Studies University of Leeds, 2003-11) Mwesigwa, Fred SheldonThis study investigates the complications raised in teaching a confessional Religious Education in a multi-religious context pertaining in Ugandan religiously founded public schools, government and private founded schools. The thesis contends that the introduction of Islam, Anglican and Roman Catholic Christian religious traditions in Uganda not only presented alternative religious systems to the existing African traditional religion but ushered in an era of competition for converts that subsequently led to religious conflict. The thesis also submits the view that the missionary aim of formal education in Uganda led to the creation, not only of a denominational, but a divisive educational system. While the study commends the colonial government and the first independent government's efforts towards establishing a nondenominational educational system, it suggests that their failure to address the controversial questions raised by the nature of RE at the time was a missed opportunity. The study probes the current syllabuses, aims and content of CRE and IRE for secondary and primary schools and suggests that their main intention of promoting spiritual growth of students is inappropriate for implementation in the multi-religious schools. The thesis questions the government's proposed exclusion of RE from the education curriculum and its replacement with Moral Education. It suggests that while Moral Education could be a subject on its own, Religious Education needs to be maintained but re-designed to address the multi-religious context. It presents a multi-faith RE as the ideal format of teaching about religion.
- ItemIndigenous language programming and citizen participation in Uganda broadcasting : an exploratory study.(2006) Chibita, Monica B.The thesis, Indigenous language programming and citizen participation in Ugandan broadcasting: an exploratory study constitutes an analysis of the significance of policy on indigenous language programming in Uganda's broadcast media. The thesis is conceived broadly within a critical studies' framework. It emphasizes the role of the broadcast media in the public sphere, as well as policy on linguistic diversity in making the public sphere more accessible to the majority of Ugandans. Fundamental assumptions of the thesis are the following: * The imperatives of the market are in tension with the need to preserve a significant amount of indigenous language broadcasting in Uganda's broadcast media for purposes of diversity; * This tension can be discerned in the political-economic environment within which the broadcast media in Uganda have evolved and operate as well as in public debate on indigenous language programming in the broadcast media; * The current state of the media's structure, operation and regulation have their roots in Uganda's political history; and * Policy on the indigenous languages has a bearing on Ugandans' capacity to participate meaningfully in the democratic process via the broadcast media. The thesis documents key social, political and economic factors surrounding policy on indigenous language broadcasting in Uganda using interviews, an analysis of Uganda's political history as well as key legal documents related to diversity and participation. It documents public debate on the significance of language policy for the participation of Ugandans in the democratic process through the broadcast media and examines how changes in the structure and operation of Uganda's broadcast media, especially since the liberalisation of the airwaves in the early 1990s, are perceived by Ugandans to have affected their participation in the democratic process through the media. Finally the thesis makes recommendations for future communication policy with regards to the role of language in enhancing diversity and participation.
- ItemGenetic and Root Growth Studies in Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz): Implications for Breeding(Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala, 2006) Kizito, Elizabeth B.Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a perennial tropical crop grown for its starchcontaining tuberous roots. It is cultivated mainly by small-scale farmers and consumed daily by an estimated 500 million people. Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) has long been recognized as a major limiting factor to cassava production in Africa and severe epidemics hit Uganda in the late 1920’s and late 1980’s. In spite of its importance as a major food crop it is the least researched major crop and many questions regarding its genetics are still unresolved. This thesis has therefore dealt with studies on: i) the effect of CMD on the genetic diversity of cassava in Uganda, ii) the composition of varieties and the genetic structure within and between varieties on small farms in Uganda, iii) the genetic basis of two agronomic important traits, cyanogenic glucoside potential (CNP) and dry matter content (DMC) in cassava roots, using quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping and iv) the effect of nutrient availability on the growth and tuber formation. The outcome of these studies is relevant for developing strategies for breeding and gene conservation programmes. CMD did not have a strong selective effect on the genetic diversity of cassava in Uganda in spite of earlier reports on losses of varieties due to the latest CMD epidemic. However, a loss of rare alleles in areas with high CMD incidence in Uganda was found. The composition of varieties differed widely between villages and districts and the genetic variation was surprisingly large within varieties although the variation was larger among varieties. The like-named varieties in different villages were genetically similar, demonstrating farmers’ ability to differentiate and maintain the same variety over large areas. We detected two QTL on two different linkage groups controlling CNP and six QTL on four different linkage groups controlling DMC. One QTL for CNP and one QTL for DMC mapped near each other, suggesting pleiotrophy or linkage of QTL. In the root studies, production of storage roots was found to be regulated by nutrient availability and appeared to be positively affected by a gradually increasing limitation of mineral nutrients during the growth of the plants.
- ItemPreparing for the Information Society: a critical analysis of Uganda’s Broadcast Policy in light of the principles of the WSIS(2006-06) Namusoga, SaraThis study analyses Uganda’s 2004 Broadcast Policy in light of the WSIS principles in order to establish whether the policy enables radio to build an inclusive and people-centred Information Society, and if so, in what ways it does this. The study specifically focuses on radio, which it views as the dominant medium in Uganda, and therefore the medium with the greatest potential to build a sustainable Information Society in the country. The study is informed by media policy theories as well as Information Society theories. It is argued that although most definitions of the Information Society consider the newer ICTs, especially the Internet, as the key drivers in the Information Society, most developing countries like Uganda are far from reaching the desired level of computer and Internet access as proposed by some Information Society theorists. Instead, most people in Uganda rely heavily on older ICTs, especially radio, for information about key issues in their daily lives. Inevitably, radio ends up being a key player in building the Information Society in these countries. The study, therefore, finds most of the common Information Society theories lacking and adopts the WSIS definition, which is more relevant to Uganda’s situation. This study also maintains that if radio is to be a key player in building an inclusive and people-centred Information Society in Uganda, the 2004 Broadcast Policy has to create that enabling environment, by, for example, promoting public service radio through local content programming, and diversifying radio ownership. The data for this study was obtained using the qualitative research approach, and specifically the research tools of document analysis and individual in-depth interviews. The findings indicate that the policy’s emphasis is on building a broadcast sector that addresses the public’s interests through local content programming and provision of diversified media services. However, the study also found that the policy is vague on some very crucial aspects, which would benefit the public, namely, local content quotas and the independence of the public service broadcaster.
- ItemThe Role of Women in Natural Resource Management: a case of Two Wings Agroforestry Network-Kabale(Larenstein University, 2008) Yesigomwe, AggreyIt is increasingly becoming important to address the many problems in the realm of natural resources in Uganda. The commitment is towards sustainable use, striking a balance between economic development and conservation interventions. Agroforestry has been identified as one of the important key approaches for reducing over exploitation of natural resources while sustaining food production for rural development. Modern Agroforestry is based on improved management and organization of traditional Agroforestry practices to give better results backed by scientific knowledge as a way of addressing problems associated with increased population pressure, land shortage and food security. Women have an essential contribution to make in the management of natural resources because they process several complementary attributes that are beneficial to ecologically sustainable development. The instrumental role of women in respect to the conservation of the environment stems from their tasks and responsibilities, and direct dependence on land based resources. This study was conducted to investigate the factors that cause low adoption of Agroforestry technologies by women of Two Wings Agroforestry Network in Kabale district. The study specifically looked at the three promoted technologies among others; home gardens, scattered trees and shrubs, and hedgerows. Data was collected by use of semi-structured interviews and Focused Group Discussions. PESTEC and Harvard Analysis tools were used to analyse data. Findings show that adoption of Agroforestry technologies in the study area was influenced by socio-cultural factors like gender roles, division of labour and cultural norms. Socioeconomic factors such as, education, marital status, land and tree tenure. Institutional factors like lack of natural resource bye laws. Women in the study area were aware of Agroforestry and more interested in the direct/ immediate benefits of the technologies. Home gardens are highly adopted compared to scattered trees/ shrubs, and hedge rows. There is need to further enhance dissemination through extension by all stakeholders. Relevant channels that suit women’s circumstances should be used to promote technologies that are not yet fully adopted.
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